Low back pain is caused by injury to a muscle (strain) or ligament (sprain). Common causes include improper lifting, poor posture, lack of regular exercise, a fracture, a ruptured disc or arthritis. Often, the only symptom is pain in the lower back. Most low back pain goes away on its own in two to four weeks. Physiotherapy and pain relievers can help.
People may experience: Pain areas: in the back, muscles and bones, hip, or leg Sensory: leg numbness or pins and needles Also common: back joint dysfunction or muscle spasms
Self-care Heating pad: Soothes painful muscles or joints and can help drain skin infections. Physical exercise: Aerobic activity for 20–30 minutes 5 days a week improves cardiovascular health. If injured, pursuing an activity that avoids the injured muscle group or joint can help maintain physical function while recovering.
Therapies Joint manipulation: Stretching a joint past its current restricted range of motion to restore movement and reduce pain. Stretching: Stretching exercises can improve flexibility and improve physical function. Physical Therapy: Restores muscle strength and function through exercise. Massage: Relaxes tense muscles. Acupuncture: Insertion of needles into specific points on the body to relieve pain and treat other conditions.